• Prune spring flowering shrubs, such as bottlebrush, once flowering has finished. A once-a-year light trim will keep them dense and will avoid having to cut into old wood, which may not re-shoot. An organic based fertiliser should be applied now, if you have not already done so.
  • Gardenias will benefit from the following mix – 1tsp Epsom Salts and 1 tsp Iron chelates added to 4.5L water. Water in at the roots.
  • Prune herbs – rosemary, sage, oregano, thyme and basil can be pruned to shape now. Dry the trimmings or use in cooking or for cuttings.
  • Start controlling scale insects, mealy bug and leaf-miner on trees and shrubs by spraying once every 3 weeks with horticultural spray oil.
  • Watch for fungal diseases on roses and grapes. Ensure good air circulation and spray with horticultural oil or a solution of 1 part full cream milk to 5 parts water. Aphids on roses can be hosed off or left for natural predators.
  • Plant citrus and passionfruit, as well as other cold-sensitive plants such as hibiscus, once the risk of frost is over. Water in well with a seaweed solution, and keep well watered until established.
  • Plant summer vegies, but protect cold-sensitive varieties in frost-prone areas. Plant beetroot, carrot, chilli, cucumber, eggplant, lettuce, potatoes, pumpkin, silverbeet, sweet corn, tomatoes and zucchini.
  • Plant annuals now for Christmas colour – seedlings take around 8 weeks to establish.